Snoring is a common problem that affects not only adults, but children, as well. It is estimated that 10 percent of children snore regularly. For many this isn’t an issue, but two to four percent of children have obstructive sleep apnea, a potentially dangerous condition that can lead to serious health problems down the road.
What Causes Snoring in Children?
Snoring is the result of airflow obstruction in the nose and mouth. This is typically caused by a relaxation of the throat tissues, causing the tongue, uvula, and soft palate to vibrate together when your child breathes. This could be caused by obesity, abnormalities of the jaw and tongue, or neuromuscular disorders.
Snoring and Behavior Problems
Snoring is a concern because a good night’s sleep is essential for your child’s growth and development. Daytime fatigue can lead to learning issues, and has been associated with attention deficit disorders in some children.
Children who snore can become irritable and moody, and are at risk for health issues, including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and lung disorders. Snoring can lead to increased urine production at night, which often results in bedwetting. Plus, there is the social stigma, when your child has to share sleeping quarters with siblings or friends.
Pediatric Sleep Apnea
Snoring can be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea. This is marked by gaps in breathing that may last for 30 seconds or more. This can lead to daytime fatigue, learning difficulties, and health problems as described above. In addition, obstructive sleep apnea can limit growth, since the act of breathing burns an excess number of calories, even during sleep.
What Problems Are Associated With Snoring?
Snoring isn’t always the sign of a serious condition, but if your child exhibits loud snoring regularly, especially in conjunction with gasping for breath and thrashing around in bed, it’s best to schedule an appointment with your ENT doctor.
Treatment for Pediatric Snoring
Snoring in children is often the result of overgrown tonsils and adenoids. If this is the case, surgical removal can often restore normal airflow. Your child’s doctor may take a wait and see approach if symptoms are minor. Other solutions include weight loss or the use of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) devices or mouth guards.